Skincare Ingredients Library

Do you know what ingredients are in your skincare? We're here to help you make clean choices and better understand what you're putting on your skin. Our Skincare Ingredients Library provides in-depth ingredient info, Environmental Working Group ratings and category filtering so you can be informed.

Filter by EWGTM Score
?Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep® gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability.
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients.
  • 1-2: Low Hazard
  • 3-6: Moderate Hazard
  • 7-10: High Hazard

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

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  • Anti-Aging
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3

Acacia Senegal Gum

Skin Benefit/Function

Best for it's thickening and binding ability in skincare formulas but has also been known to help calm the skin as well.

Sourced from

Accacia tree.

Category

Thickener

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Acetyl Hexapeptide-8

Skin Benefit/Function

A peptide solution that reduces the look of wrinkle depth on the face caused by the contraction of facial expression on the surface of the skin, especially in the forehead and around the eyes.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Peptide

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Acetyl Tetrapeptide-5

Skin Benefit/Function

An amino acid peptide solution that is claimed to improve puffy eye bags, skin elasticity as well as overall smoothness.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Peptide

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Allantoin

Skin Benefit/Function

Allantoin is a very useful ingredient to help moisturize, protect and promote healing in the skin. It helps to encourage healthy cell turnover while also locking in moisture. This is common in products made for dry and/or sensitive skin.

Sourced from

Allantoin is also found in many plants, such as comfrey, horse chestnut and bearberry. Although Allantoin can be isolated from these plants, most Allantoin used in cosmetics and personal care products is made synthetically. Ours is synthetically derived.

Category

Skin Conditioning, Soothing

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

2

Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice

Skin Benefit/Function

Aloe Leaf Juice has many skin calming properties. It has been used as an anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial ingredient for many centuries.

Sourced from

Aloe plant.

Category

Skin Conditioning, Skin Calming

Clinical Info

N/A

The Controvery (but why we use it)

The controversy comes from Aloe Vera being listed on Proposition 65. However it only calls out “non-decolorized, whole-leaf extract,” which is the liquid portion of the aloe vera leaf and is a natural constituent of the aloe barbadensis plant. Non-decolorized, whole-leaf aloe extract contains a chemical called aloin, which has been shown to cause cancer in rats when ingested and there is no evidence that aloe applied to the skin causes cancer.

Found in

Brand

Product name

3

Ammonium Acryloyldimethyltaurate/VP Copolymer

Skin Benefit/Function

This is a synthetic polymer that is used in cosmetics and personal care products to thicken the formula and can also be used to emulsify oil and water ingredients. Used often to create gel-like textures. It does not make the formula tacky or sticky.

Sourced from

Synthetic made.

Category

Film-forming Agent, Thickener, Texture Enhancer, Emulsion Stabilizer

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Argan Oil

Skin Benefit/Function

Argan oil contains several beneficial fatty acids that promote skin health, including oleic acid, linoleic acid, palmitic acid, and stearic acid. In skincare, it has been used for its moisturizing properties and softening dry patches, and even reducing acne.

Sourced from

Argan tree.

Category

Skin Conditioning, Moisturizing

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Astaxanthin

Skin Benefit/Function

Astaxanthin is a carotenoid with exceptionally powerful antioxidant benefits.

Sourced from

It can from microalgae, plants and fish.

Category

Antioxidant

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

2

Avobenzone

Skin Benefit/Function

Avobenzone is a widely used chemical sunscreen agent that absorbs the UV rays.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Chemical Sunscreen Agent

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Avocado Oil

Skin Benefit/Function

An oil extracted from avocado that is rich in essential fatty acids important for healthy skin. This oil is unique because unlike other oils that come from the seed of the fruit, this oil comes from the meat of the avocado. This oil is rich in healthy, fatty acid to help reduce dryness of the skin and hair. Because it contains vitamin A, B and E and vitamin E, it has antioxidant properties as well.

Sourced from

Avocados.

Category

Skin Conditioning, Moisturizing

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Bakuchiol

Skin Benefit/Function

Bakuchiol is a superstar ingredient because it acts on the skin in a similar way to Retinol, however it does not pose the same possible side effects of photosensitivity or irritation. Bakuchiol is a great ingredient for helping to smooth and soften skin texture, and reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles as well as acne scarring.

Sourced from

Obtained from the seed of the Babchi Plant (Psoralea corylifolia).

Category

Anti-aging

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

3

Benzalkonium Chloride

Skin Benefit/Function

Benzalkonium Chloride is used to prevent or inhibit the growth and reproduction of microorganisms.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Antimicrobial, Surfactant

Clinical Info

N/A

The Controvery (but why we use it)

Potential skin sensitizer and irritant if used in high concentrations.

Found in

Brand

Product name

3

Biosaccharide Gum-1

Skin Benefit/Function

A polysaccharide that has been studied to show moisturizing and soothing properties on the skin.

Sourced from

Biotechnological origin and manufactured through a bacterial fermentation process from non-animal substrates.

Category

Skin Conditioner, Moisturizing

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Bisabolol

Skin Benefit/Function

Bisabolol has many calming properties making it great for red, irritated or flaky skin. It is also a potent anti-oxidant and can help protect against free radical damage.

Sourced from

Bisabolol used in cosmetics and personal care products is found in various plants, chamomile and the Candia Tree. It can also be produced synthetically.

Category

Skin Conditioning, Soothing, Anti-Inflammatory, Antioxidant

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

3

Butylated Hydroxyanisole

Skin Benefit/Function

It's a synthetic antioxidant that are used as preservatives.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Preservative

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

!

Notice

Animal test studies have shown evidence of carcinogenicity.

3

Butylated Hydroxytoluene

Skin Benefit/Function

It's a synthetic antioxidant that are used as preservatives.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Preservative

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

!

Notice

Animal test studies have shown evidence of carcinogenicity.

1

Butryospeermum Parkii (Shea) Butter

Skin Benefit/Function

This is a rich plant butter that contains antioxidants and vitamins. This is often used in skin care, body and hair care products designed to soothe dryness and hydrate skin during pregnancy to help minimize the risk of stretch marks.

Sourced from

Extracted from the Karite Nut from the Karite (Shea) Tree.

Category

Emollient

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Caffeine

Skin Benefit/Function

According to some studies, caffeine may act as a vasoconstrictor on the skin's surface, helping to reduce the look of redness and puffiness.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Antioxidant

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

2

Camellia Sinesis Leaf Extract/Green Tea

Skin Benefit/Function

Green tea is rich in antioxidants, specifically catechin and polyphenol, which help neutralize free radicals that accelerate the skin’s aging process. It also has excellent antibacterial and anti-inflammatory benefits.

Sourced from

Camillia Sinesis leaves.

Category

Antioxidant, Anti-Inflammatory

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Caprylyl Glycol

Skin Benefit/Function

Caprylyl glycol is a skin conditioning agent that adds moisturization and a soft feel to many cosmetics and personal care products, as well as functions as a preservative booster.

Sourced from

May be plant derived, animal derived or synthetic. Caprylyl glycol is found in the milk of some mammals, as well as palm and coconut oils. Ours is synthetically derived.

Category

Emollient, Skin Conditioning

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride

Skin Benefit/Function

This is an excellent emollient and skin-replenishing ingredient. It provides a lightweight and non greasy layer that is easily absorbed into the skin. Products with this ingredient will easily spread and create a smooth feeling on the skin. It’s included in cosmetics due to its mix of fatty acids that skin can use to replenish its surface and resist moisture loss. This ingredient’s value for skin is made greater by the fact that it’s considered gentle.

Sourced from

Typically derived from coconut and other vegetable sources.

Category

Emollient, Skin Conditioning

Clinical Info

N/A

The Controvery (but why we use it)

Even though this is a derivative of coconut it does not mean that this ingredient is compositionally the same. So if someone is allergic to coconut, they are not likely to be allergic to this ingredient.
The starting material is not the same as the end material.

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Carbomer

Skin Benefit/Function

Synthetic texture enhancer.

Sourced from

Synthetically made. Carbomer is a large polymeric chemical composed of acrylic acid monomers.

Category

Thickener

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

5

Carbon Black

Skin Benefit/Function

Black 2 or D&C Black No. 2 is the name of the color when it has been certified by FDA. When this color is not certified it is called carbon black or CI 77266. Can be found in mascara and eye makeup like eye liners.

Sourced from

Synthetically made or mineral.

Category

Colorant

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

!

Notice

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has evaluated carbon black as a potential carcinogen.

1

Ceramide NP/Ceramides

Skin Benefit/Function

Ceramides are a naturally occurring component in our skin, they are one of nine lipids in the epidermis. Ceramides help maintain barrier function by helping the top layer of the skin from losing moisture. When people experience dry skin, often it is because of a loss of ceramides. Using ceramides in skin care products help reinforce and replenish skin's moisture barrier. Moisturizers with ceramides can help prevent dehydration and improve the look and feel of dry skin.

Sourced from

Typically derived from plants or synthetically created. The type of ceramide used in Biossance products, Ceramide NP, is created from a vegan bio-fermentation process.

Category

Skin Conditioning, Skin Replenishing

Clinical Info

Ceramide 3 (or Ceramide NP) used in a study at 0.02% in an emulsion demonstrated an 17.9% reduction in Transepidermal Water Loss after 28 days, indicating an improvement in skin moisture barrier*. In another study, Ceramide 3 used in a formulation at 0.2% showed an increase in skin hydration by 86% after 10 days of use**.

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Cetearyl Alcohol

Skin Benefit/Function

An extremely common multitask ingredient that gives your skin a nice soft feel (emollient) and gives body to creams and lotions. It also helps to stabilize oil-water mixes (emulsions), though it does not function as an emulsifier in itself.

Sourced from

Mainly derived from plant sources, coconut, palm, corn or vegetable oil.

Category

Emulsifier

Clinical Info

N/A

The Controvery (but why we use it)

Even though this is a derivative of coconut it does not mean that this ingredient is compositionally the same. So if someone is allergic to coconut, they are not likely to be allergic to this ingredient.
The starting material is not the same as the end material.

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Cetearyl Olivate

Skin Benefit/Function

An ester that comes from Cetearyl alcohol and the fatty acids of olive oil. It's main function in skincare formulations is to help bind oil to water. It is also a very moisturizing ingredient that can help restore the skin moisture barrier.

Sourced from

Mainly derived from olive but may come from other plant sources.

Category

Emulsifier, Skin Conditioning

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Cetyl Palmitate

Skin Benefit/Function

The ester of cetyl palmitate and palmitic acid, which helps to thicken formulas and soften skin.

Sourced from

It can be derived from animals, manufactured synthetically or from natural sources. Ours comes from olive oil fatty acids.

Category

Emollient, Thickener

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Chrondrus Crispus Extract/Red Algae

Skin Benefit/Function

This is an extract of red algae that helps to hydrate the skin while also providing defense against free radical damage thanks to the antioxidant properties. Because red algae also contains carrageenan, it creates a flexible and long lasting film on the skin to reduce water loss that can occur throughout the day.

Sourced from

Red algae.

Category

Antioxidant, Skin Conditioning, Moisturizing

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

2

Citric Acid

Skin Benefit/Function

Along with being a pH adjuster, citric acid can also function as an AHA (Alpha Hydroxy Acid) to stimulate healthy cell turnover by helping to shed surface dead skin cells.

Sourced from

Naturally found in citrus fruits, although when used in personal care products citric acid is primarily synthetic.

Category

PH Adjuster, Exfoliant

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

2

Citrus Aurantium Amara (Bitter Orange) Peel Oil

Skin Benefit/Function

This is an oil extract from the peel of an orange. It has antioxidant and astringent properties.

Sourced from

Bitter orange.

Category

Antioxidant

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Coconut Oil

Skin Benefit/Function

Coconut oil is a plant oil with a high saturated fat content. It is commonly used in skincare and cosmetics because it is very emollient and moisturizing. It can be a very good oil for dry skin types.

Sourced from

Coconut.

Category

Emollient

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Cucmis Sativus (Cucumber) Fruit Extract

Skin Benefit/Function

Juice derived from cucumber, which is mostly water but contains many skin helpful ingredients including vitamin C, silica and caffeic acid (antioxidant), Cucumber extract is a popular ingredient among calming and hydrating skin care products.

Sourced from

Cucumber.

Category

Soothing, Anti-inflammatory

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

2

Dimethicone

Skin Benefit/Function

A silicon-based polymer used in skin care that provides a silky feel. Helps the spreadability of formulas, but also helps to improve moisture by acting as an emollient and prevents moisture loss.

Sourced from

This is a synthetic ingredient in the silicone family.

Category

Emulsifier, Emollient, Skin Conditioning

Clinical Info

N/A

The Controvery (but why we use it)

Dimethicone is often confused with volatile silicones which can be detrimental to the environment. Dimethicone, on the other hand, is found to be a safe ingredient as a hair and skin protectant.

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Dimethicone Crosspolymer

Skin Benefit/Function

Dimethicone crosspolymer is a silicone derivative that functions as a skin and hair conditioning agent, film-forming agent, thickening agent, and texture enhancer in cosmetics and personal care products. They improve product spreadability and provide a silky feel on the skin.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Skin Conditioner, Thickener

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Dimethiconol

Skin Benefit/Function

Dimethiconol is a silicone polymer that is used in cosmetics and personal care products as a skin and hair-conditioning agent. Silicones improve the feel, appearance, and performance of cosmetic products. They act as silky moisturizers, conditioners, solvents, and can be a skin protectant. Silicones help soften the look of fine lines and wrinkles. This is similar to dimethicone but slightly thicker.

Sourced from

Synthetically derived.

Category

Skin Conditioning

Clinical Info

N/A

The Controvery (but why we use it)

There is quite a bit of misunderstanding around this ingredient, it is often confused with volatile silicones which can be detrimental to the environment. Dimethiconol has been found to be a safe ingredient as a skin conditioner.

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Echinacea

Skin Benefit/Function

A plant known for its soothing properties.

Sourced from

Coneflower plant.

Category

Antioxidant

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

5

Ethanolamines (MEA/DEA/TEA)

Skin Benefit/Function

Ethanolamines are used as pH adjusters in products. Additionally, they help to thicken a product or enhance the foaming properties.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

pH Adjuster

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

!

Notice

THEs are ammonia compounds that are shown to be potential carcinogens.

2

Ethyl Lauroyl Arginate Hcl

Skin Benefit/Function

This is a conditioning agent with anti-microbial properties.

Sourced from

Made from natural raw materials. Made from L-arginine, Lauric Acid (present in coconut and palm kernel oil), and short chain alcohol produced by fermentation of sugars.

Category

Preservative, Skin Conditioner

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Ethyl Linoleate

Skin Benefit/Function

A naturally occurring fatty acid that helps to fortify and repair the skin's barrier.

Sourced from

Can be found in nuts, fatty seeds and vegetable oils.

Category

Skin Conditioning, Emollient

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid (EDTA)

Skin Benefit/Function

In cosmetics and personal care products, EDTA and its salts (ex:Tetrasodium EDTA) are widely used and can be found in moisturizers and cleansing products, bath soaps, shampoos and conditioners, hair dyes, hair bleaches, and many other product types. This ingredient helps to maintain the integrity of the formula.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Chelating Agent

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

!

Notice

The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) has determined that EDTA is not well absorbed into the skin, and may discourage skin penetration of other ingredients in the formula.

1

Ethylhexylglycerin

Skin Benefit/Function

Ethylhexylglycerin is a glyceryl ether used as a preservative and skin conditioning agent.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Preservative, Skin Conditioning

Clinical Info

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Euterpe Oleracea Sterols/Acai Berry

Skin Benefit/Function

Plant sterols have a replenishing and hydrating effect on the skin. They are also helpful in preventing TEWL, transepidermal water loss. Plant sterols make an excellent alternative to animal derived sterols. (i.e cholesterol).

Sourced from

Acai plant.

Category

Antioxidant, Emollient, Skin Replenishing

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

5

Formaldehyde

Skin Benefit/Function

Formaldehyde in its pure form is a colorless gas. However, Formaldehyde gas is not used as a cosmetic ingredient. Instead, Formaldehyde may be dissolved in water and used as Formalin. Other ingredients that slowly release Formaldehyde may also be added to cosmetic and personal care products as preservatives. Formaldehyde and Formaldehyde-releasing ingredients are used as a preservatives to kill microorganisms, or prevent or inhibit their growth in products. Listed on ingredient labels as: DMDM hydantoin, Imidazolidinyl urea, Diazolidinyl urea, Quaternium-15, Bronopol (2-bromo-2-nitropropane-1,3-diol ), 5-Bromo-5-nitro, 1,3-dioxane, Hydroxymethylglycinate

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Preservative

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

!

Notice

The EPA classifies formaldehyde as a carcinogen.

4

Fragrance (Parfum)

Skin Benefit/Function

Fragrance (parfum) is a common ingredient in personal care products, to create a pleasant aroma.

Sourced from

Can be synthetic or natural (plant or animal).

Category

Fragrance

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

!

Notice

The ingredient is a combination of chemicals that do not need to be listed separately on a product ingredient list. Rather, they are simply listed as "Fragrance" or "Parfum". And because the chemical makeup is unknown, there is strong potential for skin irritation or allergic reaction, especially for those with sensitive or reactive skin. There could be hundreds of chemicals contained in that one ingredient, making it difficult to pinpoint exactly which one is causing an issue. In addition, many synthetic fragrances have been found to contain phthalates, which are shown to cause multiple health concerns.

6

Geraniol

Skin Benefit/Function

Geraniol is a common fragrance ingredient. It smells like rose and can be found in rose oil or in small quantities in geranium, lemon and many other essential oils.

Sourced from

Can be synthetic or sourced from rose oil, geranium, lemon and other essential oils.

Category

Perfume

Clinical Info

N/A

The Controvery (but why we use it)

Geraniol is a natural constituent of certain floral essential oils, and is considered safe at low levels. It is a potential irritant if it becomes oxidized. Under the proper storage conditions and formula stability, this can be minimized.

Found in

Brand

Product name

2

Glycerin

Skin Benefit/Function

Glycerin, also known as glycerine or glycerol, is naturally present in skin. As a powerful humectant, it attracts water to the skin, helping maintain its moisture level. It also helps products from drying out.

Sourced from

Glycerin is a naturally occuring compound which can be obtained from natural sources (e.g., vegetable oil, soybeans, cane, or corn syrup sugar) or manufactured synthetically.

Category

Humectant, Emollient

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

!

Notice

May have a sustainability issue when sourced from palm oil. If derived from palm oil, look for RSPO certified.

1

Glyceryl Stearate Se

Skin Benefit/Function

This is a self emulsifying form of Glycerol Stearate. It binds oil to water and is very helpful in emulsions.

Sourced from

Monoester of Glycerin and stearic acid (both vegetable origin).

Category

Emulsifier

Clinical Info

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Glycine Soja (Soybean) Sterols

Skin Benefit/Function

Plant sterols are beneficial emollients especially for lotions and creams. Their main purpose is to keep the skin well hydrated and promote a healthy skin barrier.

Sourced from

Sterol derived from the Glycine soja (soy) plant.

Category

Emollient

Clinical Info

N/A

The Controvery (but why we use it)

Soy has been studied for its estrogenic properties, however it is important to note that when used in skincare and cosmetic formulas, ingredients derived from soy are not necessarily estrogenic. In-vitro studies found no signs of estrogenic activity in tested phyto sterols.

Found in

Brand

Product name

2

Glycolic Acid

Skin Benefit/Function

A derivative of sugarcane, glycolic acid is an alpha hydroxy acid (AHA), a group of naturally occurring acids that can be found in foods. AHAs work by loosening the glue-like substance that holds dull and dead skin cells on the topmost layer of your skin, revealing newer, healthier skin. And because glycolic acid has the smallest molecular size of all the AHAs, it’s the most bio available and active, allowing it to penetrate the skin the most easily. It is also a humectant, able to pull water into the skin.

Sourced from

Sugar or synthetically made.

Category

Exfoliant

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Hexylene Glycol

Skin Benefit/Function

This and other glycols, act as a solvent and help to give the formula a spreadable texture.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Solvent

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

9

Hydroquinone

Skin Benefit/Function

Hydroquinone can be used in cosmetics as an antioxidant, fragrance ingredient and a bleaching ingredient for dark spots and hyperpigmentation. However, this ingredient is banned in the EU and Asia. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved hydroquinone as an over-the-counter (OTC) skin bleaching agent used to lighten areas of darkened skin.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Bleaching

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

!

Notice

Hydroquinone can cause photosensitivity at various levels, which can be detrimental to overall skin health.

1

Hydroxyethyl Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer

Skin Benefit/Function

A synthetic polymer that acts as a thickening and gelling agent. It also helps emulsify oils into water based formulas.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Thickener

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Honey

Skin Benefit/Function

One of the oldest skincare ingredients, honey is very moisturizing, and is known for its soothing and antioxidant properties as well as antibacterial and antifungal effects.

Sourced from

Animal derived (bees).

Category

Moisturizer, Antibacterial

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

!

Notice

As it is sourced from an animal, honey is not a vegan ingredient and is not used by Biossance.

1

Isoamyl Cocoate

Skin Benefit/Function

It's a very light liquid that absorbs quickly into the skin and has a non-oily skin feel.

Sourced from

The ester of isoamyl alcohol (a natural solvent) and coconut fatty acid of 100% vegetable origin. It may be plant derived or synthetic, for example, it can be derived from sugar beets, palm, and coconut oil.

Category

Emollient, Skin Conditioning

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Isoamyl Laurate

Skin Benefit/Function

This is a lightweight oily ester that provides a velvety soft feeling.

Sourced from

We source ours from sugar & coconut.
- Source from vegetable & microbial: palm kernel oil, sugar cane, sugar beet, wheat and/or barley & fermentation using wild type yeast strain.

Category

Emulsifier, Skin Conditioning

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Jojoba Esters

Skin Benefit/Function

Jojoba esters help retain hydration in the skin and prevent moisture loss.

Sourced from

Jojoba oil.

Category

Skin Conditioning, Emollient

Clinical Info

Clinically proven to reduce visible skin redness and improve skin moisture barrier function.

Found in

Brand

Product name

!

Notice

This oil is different from other common plant oils in that it is composed almost completely (97%) of wax esters of monounsaturated, straight-chain acids and alcohols with high molecular weights. This makes Jojoba Oil and its derivative Jojoba Esters more similar to sebum and whale oil than to traditional vegetable oils.

1

Jojoba Oil

Skin Benefit/Function

Jojoba oil is actually a wax ester, making it a very stable oil. It is a great oil for balancing excess oil and provides moisturizing properties to the skin.

Sourced from

Jojoba seeds.

Category

Skin Conditioning, Moisturizing

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

2

Lactic Acid

Skin Benefit/Function

A water-soluble alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) derived from a variety of sources, most commonly sour milk or fermented sugar. Like all AHAs, lactic acid is great for exfoliation and hydration. Lactic acid works by gently breaking down the material that holds onto dead skin cells, causing a gentle chemical exfoliation to reveal healthier-looking skin.

Sourced from

Can be sourced from animal sources: milk. Can also be made synthetically.
Biossance uses vegan Lactic Acid from fermented sugar.

Category

Exfoliant

Clinical Info

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Lactococcus Ferment Lysate

Skin Benefit/Function

This is a probiotic from the fermentation of the Lactococcus Lactis bacteria that has been shown to improve skin barrier function, allowing the skin to better protect itself from daily aggressors.

Sourced from

Bacteria fermentation.

Category

Hydrating, Soothing, Skin Conditioning

Clinical Info

In a study stimulating skin moisture barrier recovery, this ingredient in a complex was found to accelerate recovery of a damaged moisture barrier compared to a placebo.

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Oil

Skin Benefit/Function

Lavender is mainly used as a fragrance ingredient although the oil has nice antimicrobial and antibacterial properties.

Sourced from

Lavender flower.

Category

Fragrance

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

2

Lecithin

Skin Benefit/Function

Lecithin is a natural substance made up of fatty acids that functions as an emollient, emulsifier, and penetration enhancer. The fatty acids help skin barrier function to keep moisture in and environmental aggressors out.

Sourced from

It be derived from sources such as egg yolk, soybeans, milk, rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower. Ours is from a vegetable source: soy bean.

Category

Emollient, Emulsifier

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Lepidium Sativum Sprout Extract/Garden Cress Sprouts

Skin Benefit/Function

Rich in antioxidants to prevent free radical damage and provides many skin conditioning benefits.

Sourced from

Swiss Garden Cress Sprouts from Switzerland. (Lepidium Sativum/Sprouts).

Category

Skin Conditioning

Clinical Info

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Lespedeza Capita Leaf/Stem Extract/Clover Extract

Skin Benefit/Function

Clover extract helps to counteract the effects of daily enviornmental aggresors. Screen reader support enabled. Clover extract helps to counteract the effects of daily environmental aggressors.

Sourced from

Bush clover.

Category

Anti-Aging

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

4

Limonene

Skin Benefit/Function

Limonene is a compound naturally found in citrus fruits that is used as a fragrance in cosmetics and personal care products.

Sourced from

Citrus fruits.

Category

Fragrance

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

3

Linalool

Skin Benefit/Function

Linalool is a naturally derived ingredient. It’s part of 200 natural oils. including lavender, ylang-ylang, bergamot, jasmine, geranium

Sourced from

Most often from lavender.

Category

Fragrance

Clinical Info

N/A

The Controvery (but why we use it)

Linalool is a natural constituent of lavender, and at low levels, can have excellent skin calming effects. The issue is that when linalool comes into contact with oxygen, it can break down and oxidize, and cause irritation for some skin types. Under the proper storage conditions and formula stability, this can be minimized. Certain manufacturers do include other substances in the products to delay this oxidation process.
Biossance includes Linalool on the ingredient list only because it is a component of lavender and not because it is added as a separate ingredient.

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Linoleic Acid

Skin Benefit/Function

Linoleic acid is an omega-6 fatty acid. It has skin restorative and antioxidant properties. Linoleic acid is a component of the skin’s lipid barrier found within the stratum corneum (the uppermost layer of skin). Linoleic acid is the most abundant polyunsaturated fatty acid in the stratum corneum. Topical application of linoleic acid helps to replenish this barrier, which softens and soothes the skin.

Sourced from

Linoleic acid is a naturally occurring unstaurated fatty acid. It is abundant in many nuts, fatty seeds, and their derived vegetable oils. We source ours from Soybean Glycine max plant.

Category

Emollient, Thickener

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Linolenic Acid

Skin Benefit/Function

This is a plant based omega 3 fatty acid that helps to fortify and repair the skin's barrier.

Sourced from

Can be found in vegetable oil, flax seed oil, canola oil and soybean oil. We source ours form Soybean plant (Glycine max).

Category

Skin Replenishing, Emollient

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Lycopene

Skin Benefit/Function

A natural pigment in fruits and vegetables that provides the rich, red color in tomatoes. It is shown to have excellent antioxidant properties.

Sourced from

Tomatoes.

Category

Antioxidant

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Malus Domestica Fruit Cell Culture Extract/Swiss Apple Stem Cells

Skin Benefit/Function

Swiss Apple Stem cells from the rare Swiss apple "Uttwiler Spätlauber." Studies show the ingredient has the potential to improve the look of skin by decreasing wrinkle depth and crow's feet.

Sourced from

Vegetable Source: apples from Switzerland.

Category

Anti-aging

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

7

Methylchloroisothiazolinone

Skin Benefit/Function

This is a preservative that helps to prevent bacteria growth that is best in rinse off formulas. When used in leave on formulas there is a higher chance of this ingredient causing irritation.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Preservative

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

!

Notice

It has been linked to contact dermatitis and skin irritation

7

Methylisothiazolinone

Skin Benefit/Function

This is a perservative that helps to prevent bacteria growth that is best in rinse off formulas. When used in leave on formulas there is a higher chance of this ingredient causing irritation.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Preservative

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

!

Notice

I has been linked to contact dermatitis and skin irritation.

2

Mica

Skin Benefit/Function

Mica is a versatile and common mineral powder that comes in different particle sizes. It is a multi-tasker used to improve skin feel, increase product slip, give the product light-reflecting properties, enhance skin adhesion or serve as an anti-caking agent.

Sourced from

Mineral

Category

Opacifier

Clinical Info

Found in

Brand

Product name

!

Notice

Mica is unfortunately often mined using child labor, and ethical sourcing can be difficult due to a lack of transparency of suppliers.

3

Mineral Oil

Skin Benefit/Function

Mineral oil is a common ingredient in skin care products because of its ability to prevent moisture loss.

Sourced from

Byproduct of the petroleum industry.

Category

Emollient

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Niacinamide

Skin Benefit/Function

Niacinamide is a water soluble vitamin known as Vitamin B3. This ingredient has many benefits. Niacinamide can help even out the look of skin tone, improve skin barrier function for greater hydration and can also help to improve the look of wrinkles.

Sourced from

Found naturally in wheat, fish and some vegetables, however the ingredient used in skincare and cosmetics is created synthetically.

Category

Vitamin, Moisturizer

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Oleic Acid

Skin Benefit/Function

Oleic Acid is an omega-9 fatty acid. When blended with other fatty acids, this ingredient can improve the skin barrier and help soothe dry or irritated skin. In skincare products it is commonly used as a cleansing agent. It also boosts the stability of other ingredients, like antioxidants.

Sourced from

Found in many plants including olives, and grape seed. We source ours from Olive (Olea Europaea) Plant.

Category

Cleansing Agent, Emollient

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

8

Oxybenzone

Skin Benefit/Function

Oxybenzone (also known as benzophenone-3 or BP-3) is a chemical sunscreen active ingredient (which absorb, scatter or reflect ultraviolet (UV) radiation). Oxybenzone provides broad-spectrum sun protection from the harmful effects of UVB and some UVA ultraviolet radiation.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Chemical Sunscreen Agent

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

!

Notice

FDA has approved the use of oxybenzone as an active ingredient in sunscreens as safe and effective in concentrations of up to 6%. However, there has also been evidence to suggest that this ingredient is harmful to aquatic life and coral reefs. It has been recently banned in Hawaii due to the bleaching of coral reefs. Oxybenzone can also be considered a contact allergen due to potential to cause photoallergy for some.

1

Palmitoyl Tripeptide-5

Skin Benefit/Function

A tripeptide, meaning it is three amino acids attached to each other, that has been studied for its ability to visibly firm and tighten the skin.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Peptide

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

7

Parabens (methyl-, isobutyl-, propyl- and others)

Skin Benefit/Function

Parabens are a group of commonly used ingredients that act as a preservative in cosmetics and personal care products. They are highly effective in preventing the growth of fungi, bacteria, and yeast that could cause products to spoil, thus enhancing the shelf life and safety of products. Any product that contains water is susceptible to being spoiled by the growth of fungi or bacteria. Under certain conditions, an inadequately preserved product can become contaminated, allowing harmful microorganisms to grow.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Preservative

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Panthenol

Skin Benefit/Function

Panthenol has the ability to attract and hold moisture to the skin and act as a lubricant.
Panthenol is a provitamin of B5.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Humectant, Moisturizer, Emulsifier

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Pentylene Glycol

Skin Benefit/Function

This is a synthetic chemical that helps the skin to retain moisture. It also has anti-microbial properties. This will keep both the product and your skin from drying out.

Sourced from

Can be Synthetic - Biossance uses a bio-fermented source from sugarcane bygass.

Category

Humectant, Skin Conditioning

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

2

Phenoxyethanol

Skin Benefit/Function

Phenoxyethanol is glycol ether used as a preservative in cosmetic products and medicines. This ingredient is good at preventing yeast, bacteria and mold. Phenoxyethanol is found naturally in green tea, but the ingredient used in cosmetic products is synthetically produced in a lab. It is a robust, paraben-alternative preservative which gives a shelf life of longer than 1 year, works synergistically with other ingredients, and is not odor-offensive.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Preservative

Clinical Info

N/A

The Controvery (but why we use it)

Phenoxyethanol is a widely used synthetic preservative that has global approval for use in all cosmetic products in concentrations up to 1%. Despite the scary sounding name, there is no free phenol in phenoxyethanol. It is only considered an irritant to skin, eyes and lungs as a stand-alone ingredient (i.e., in a concentration of 100%.) In a finished formula, it makes up less than 1% in products, often times less. This ingredient has been found safe by the EU. This is used to ensure that products remain free of bacteria and mold growth.

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Phospholipids

Skin Benefit/Function

Phospholipids restore the moisture barrier. They are great emollientd and keep the skin hydrated because phospholipids are made of both water-loving (hydrophilic) and water-repelling (hydrophobic) components, glycerol, fatty acids and phosphate.

Sourced from

Ours is derived from Soybean.

Category

Emollient

Clinical Info

N/A

The Controvery (but why we use it)

Soy has been studied for its estrogenic properties, however it is important to note that when used in skincare and cosmetic formulas, ingredients derived from soy are not necessarily estrogenic.

Found in

Brand

Product name

10

Phthalates (DBP, DEHP, DEP and others)

Skin Benefit/Function

Phthalates are a diverse group of materials that make plastics more flexible and are used in a wide variety of products, such as toys, vinyl flooring and wall covering, detergents and some cosmetic and personal care products. They are found in nail polishes to reduce cracking by making them less brittle or used in hair sprays to help avoid stiffness by allowing them to form a flexible film on the hair.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Plasticizer, Solvent

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

!

Notice

Phthalates have been linked to a myriad of health concerns, including reproductive and developmental issues.

1

Pistacia Lentiscus (Mastic) Gum/Chios Crystal Oil

Skin Benefit/Function

Mustic gum is an aromatic resin coming from the bark of a tree that grows on the Greek island of Chios. It has been studied for its visible skin firming benefit.

Sourced from

Pistacia lentiscus tree.

Category

Anti-Aging

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Polyacrylate Crosspolymer-6

Skin Benefit/Function

This ingredient helps to thicken formulas and improve texture. It also helps to stabilize emulsions.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Thickener

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

3

Polyethylene Glycol (PEG compounds)

Skin Benefit/Function

PEG stands for polyethylene glycol. PEG is often used in cleansers, moisturizers and sunscreens. The number in the name represents the average number of ethylene glycol units.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Humectant, Solvent

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

!

Notice

May contain impurities, such as ethylene oxide and 1,4 dioxane.

3

Potassium Sorbate

Skin Benefit/Function

A mild preservative against mold and yeast derived from the potassium salt of ascorbic acid.

Sourced from

Can be found in natural sources, such as berries, but for this purpose it is manufactured synthetically.

Category

Preservative

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Propanediol

Skin Benefit/Function

Propanediol is a naturally derived ingredient that is used in cosmetics and personal care products as an emollient, humectant, and solvent. It is a glycol that can help the absorption of ingredients and boost skin moisturization

Sourced from

Produced sustainably from corn sugar or synthetically.

Category

Emollient, Humectant, Solvent

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

8

Retinol

Skin Benefit/Function

Retinol is the primary naturally occurring form of Vitamin A. Retinol is popular for its ability to smooth and soften skin, reducing the look of fine lines and wrinkles. It is important to make sure this ingredient is in a dark packaging as it can degrade when exposed to UV light.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Anti-Aging, Antioxidant

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

!

Notice

Retinol is not a photo-stable ingredient and as a result if used incorrectly can cause photosensitization in some. Also considered not to be a pregnancy safe ingredient.

1

Rosa Canina Fruit Oil/Rosehip Seed Oil

Skin Benefit/Function

Rosehip seed oil is well known for its omega fatty acid and antioxidant properties. It is also rich in Vitamins A and E.

Sourced from

Rosehip seed.

Category

Antioxidant

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Rosa Damascena Flower Extract/Rose Oil

Skin Benefit/Function

Rose Oil has been used for centuries for its relaxing scent. It has also been known to provide soothing properties to the skin.

Sourced from

Damascus rose.

Category

Fragrance

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

3

Salicylic Acid

Skin Benefit/Function

Salicylic Acid is a beta hydroxy acid (BHA) that is lipid soluble and helps to decongest the dirt and debris from inside the pores. Salicylic Acid is a commonly used for exfoliating blemish prone skin.

Sourced from

Synthetically made or can be found in the bark of the willow tree.

Category

Exfoliant

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

2

Silica

Skin Benefit/Function

Silica can be used in skincare or cosmetics in many ways, such as an abrasive in scrubs, an absorbent powder, anti-caking agent, bulking agent, opacifying agent, and suspending agent. It is most commonly used as an absorbent because of its ability to absorb excess moisture and oil from the surface of skin. Amourphous silica is the form used in personal care products, which does not have the same health risks as crystalline silica.

Sourced from

Synthetic or found in sandstone, clay, granite.

Category

Thickener

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

2

Sodium Acrylates Copolymer

Skin Benefit/Function

A synthetic polymer that acts as a thickening agent and helps to create a gel-like texture in skincare products.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Thickener

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

2

Sodium Benzoate

Skin Benefit/Function

Sodium benzoate functions as a preservative and prevents bacteria growth in skincare formulations.

Sourced from

Derived from the sodium salt of benzoic acid which occurs naturally in many fruits, vegetable as well as seafood and diary products.

Category

Preservative

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Sodium Chloride/Table salt

Skin Benefit/Function

Sodium Chloride has many functions in skincare and cosmetic formulas. It can act as a thickener or a physical exfoliant which can be found in scrubs and cleansers. Sodium Chloride also works to bind ingredients together and can be used as an emulsifier in water-in-oil emulsions.

Sourced from

Salt.

Category

Thickener, Emulsifier, Exfoliant

Clinical Info

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Sodium Gluconate

Skin Benefit/Function

This maintains the integrity of the formula by pulling away metals found in water that can interfere with the other ingredients.

Sourced from

Synthetic made.

Category

Chelating Agent

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Sodium Hyaluronate/Hyaluronic Acid

Skin Benefit/Function

A naturally occurring component of connective and skin tissue. When used in skincare and cosmetics, it aids in skin hydration by boosting skin’s moisture content. Hyaluronic acid is a hydrophilic (water-loving) compound that is capable of holding 1,000 times its own weight in water to the skin.

Sourced from

Hyaluronic Acid is made up of many sugar carbohydrates which can be sourced from animal or plant sources, e.g. fermentation of yeast, corn or wheat.

Category

Humectant, Skin Conditioning

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

2

Sodium Hydroxide

Skin Benefit/Function

This is a very alkaline ingredient that helps to adjust the pH.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

PH adjuster

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

5

Sodium Lauryl Sulfate and Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLS and SLES)

Skin Benefit/Function

These ingredients, often referred to as SLS and SLES are surfactantants, They help with cleansing and emulsifying. They are responsible for making a formula foam.

Sourced from

Materials are synthetically derived and plant derived like coco and/or palm kernel oils.

Category

Surfactant

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

!

Notice

Sodium Lauryl Sulfate and Sodium Laureth Sulfate are surfactants and degreasers that can be overly drying to skin and hair.

1

Sodium Phytate

Skin Benefit/Function

This ingredient keeps the product uniform over time, so there are no color or texture changes.

Sourced from

Synthetically derived .

Category

Chelating Agent

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Sorbitan Olivate

Skin Benefit/Function

This can take the form of a waxy solid, or viscous liquid. It is an emulsifier with emollient properties, meaning it is very moisturizing.

Sourced from

Sourced from Olive and Sugar, can be made synthetically or derived naturally .

Category

Emulsifier

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Sorbitan Palmitate

Skin Benefit/Function

An ester that comes from cetearyl alcohol and the fatty acids of olive oil.
This ingredient helps oil and water to blend, and has barrier-repairing and soothing properties.

Sourced from

Sorbitan Palmitate is a monoester of palmitic acid and hexitol anhydrides derived from sorbitol.

Category

Emulsifier

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Soy Amino Acids

Skin Benefit/Function

Soy Amino Acids are the small components that make up a soy protein. It is a low-molecular-weight water-binding ingredient, that can help to moisturize deeper layers of skin or hair.

Sourced from

Non GMO soy.

Category

Moisturizer

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Spilanthes Acmella Flower Extract/Paracress Extract

Skin Benefit/Function

Paracress extract has been used for many years for it's ability to provide numbing or pain relieving effects. In skincare, this ingredient is used to help reduce the look of lines and wrinkles.

Sourced from

Acmella Oleracea flower from South Africa, Madagascar.

Category

Anti-Aging

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Squalane

Skin Benefit/Function

Squalane is the shelf-stable version of squalene, the natural skin hydrator our sebaceous glands make. Squalene keeps our skin’s outer layer moisturized and protected. But as we get older, we make less and less. That’s where squalane comes in: this mega-moisturizing molecule beautifully mimics our skin’s natural hydration.

Sourced from

Squalane can be sourced from different plant sources , such as olive. The Squalane used in every Biossance product is sourced from sustainable and renewable sugarcane.

Category

Hydrating, Emollient, Skin Conditioning

Clinical Info

When tested to determine effectiveness of improving the rate of healthy cell turnover, Squalane improved the performance by 5 days or 22% when compared to Argan oil which only increased the cell renewal process by 3 days or 14%.

Found in

Brand

Product name

!

Notice

When sourced from shark livers, this has many damaging effects on the species as well as the ecosystem.
You are not able to know the sourcing of squalane based on the ingredient list. It may be sourced from olives, shark livers or sugarcane (for example) so make sure to do your research!

1

Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate/Vitamin C

Skin Benefit/Function

THD is a stable, oil (or lipd) soluable form of Vitamin C. This is a wonderful ingredient in skin care as it can help to visibly brighten and firm the skin and provide antioxidant properties.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Antioxidant

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Tetrasodium Glutamate Diacetate

Skin Benefit/Function

This is a chelating ingredient that can also help to boost the properties of the preservatives in a personal care product formula.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Chelating Agent

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

3

Titanium Dioxide

Skin Benefit/Function

Titanium Dioxide is a mineral/physical sunscreen agent that helps to protect from UVA and UVB exposure. It can be hard to formulate with as it commonly leaves a white cast on the skin and doesn't rub in easily.

Sourced from

Minerals

Category

Mineral Sunscreen Agent

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Tocopherol/Vitamin E

Skin Benefit/Function

Tocopherols are a class of naturally occurring chemical compounds, referred to as vitamin E, and are used in skin care products due to their ability to protect the skin from free radical damage and strengthen the skin barrier.

Sourced from

Can be synthetic or sourced from vegetable oils, nuts or seeds.

Category

Antioxidant

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

10

Toluene

Skin Benefit/Function

Toulene is a solvent that helps to dissolve substances to create a uniform formulation. Often found in nail care.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Solvent

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

!

Notice

Tolulene has been linked to a myriad of health concerns, including liver and kidney damage.

7

Triclosan/Triclocarban

Skin Benefit/Function

Triclosan is a broad-spectrum antimicrobial used as an active ingredient in skin and oral care over-the-counter (OTC) drug products and as a preservative in water-based consumer products as well as in certain specialized applications, such as textiles and plastics.
In cosmetics and personal care products, triclosan is used as a preservative in water-based formulations for hand soaps, aftershave lotions, bath products, foot sprays, hair conditioners, makeup products, powders, shampoos, shaving products, skin care products, and suntan products.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Preservative, Antibacterial

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

!

Notice

The EWG has listed this ingredient as: a possible endocrine disruption (moderate), Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), Ecotoxicology (low), Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high), and Contamination concerns (high).

1

Vitamin C

Skin Benefit/Function

Vitamin C is well known in the skincare industry as a powerful antioxidant. It can be found in many forms: magnesium ascorbyl phosphate, L-ascorbic acid, tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate, ascorbyl palmitate, ascorbyl glucosamine, and ascorbyl tetraisopalmitate. Other benefits include skin brightening, soothing and radiant complexion.

Sourced from

Synthetically made.

Category

Anti-Aging, Antioxidant

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Vitamin E

Skin Benefit/Function

A well known Vitamin for both skin and hair. Vitamin E has antioxidant and skin soothing properties.

Sourced from

Natural and synthetically made.

Category

Antioxidant

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Skin Extract

Skin Benefit/Function

Grapes are rich in potent antioxidants.

Sourced from

Grape seeds.

Category

Antioxidant

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

0

Volitile Silicones / Siloxanes

Skin Benefit/Function

Cyclomethicone is a general term describing both individual and/or a mixture of cyclic siloxane materials that have many uses and are found in a variety of consumer products. These materials are derived from the natural elements silicon and oxygen.

Sourced from

Derived from silicon and oxygen.

Category

Emollient

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

!

Notice

In 2008 Health Canada expressed concern over studies showing possible negative health consequences of D4 and its potential for accumulation in the environment. However the CIR (U.S. Cosmetics Ingredients Review) board stated that all of the cyclosiloxanes as currently used are acceptable in cosmetic formulations.

1

Water/Eau/Aqua

Skin Benefit/Function

Water is used in many types of cosmetic and personal care products. It must be free of toxins, pollutants, and microbes. In cosmetics and personal care products, water is primarily used as a solvent to dissolve other ingredients. Water is also used with various oils to form emulsions.

Sourced from

There are several types of purified water that can be used, including distilled, deionized, and demineralized water.

Category

Base, Solvent, Diluent

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Xanthan Gum

Skin Benefit/Function

In skincare and cosmetic products, Xanthan Gum acts a binder to keep the texture of the product from becoming too thin or runny. It is a natural ingredient often found in emulsions, helping to bind together oil and water formulas.

Sourced from

Produced through biotech or derived from various sugar sources or egg.
Biossance uses a fermented vegan source.

Category

Thickener, Emulsion Stabilizer

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

5

Yeast Extract

Skin Benefit/Function

Yeast contains beta-glucan which is a great soothing ingredient and also a mild antioxidant. Yeast extract has moisturizing, skin protecting and film-forming properties on the skin.

Sourced from

Fungi that ferments sugar.

Category

Antioxidant, Moisturizer

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

2

Zinc Oxide

Skin Benefit/Function

Zinc oxide is a great mineral/physical sunscreen agent. It has the most broad spectrum protection, blocking both UVA I and UVA II as well as UVB rays. It also has soothing properties and is less irritating than other sunscreen ingredients. It is used in rash creams because it is anti-inflammatory and an anti-irritant.

Sourced from

Mineral

Category

Mineral Sunscreen Agent

Clinical Info

N/A

Found in

Brand

Product name

1

Zingiber Officinale (Ginger) Root Extract

Skin Benefit/Function

Ginger Root Extract helps to calm the skin and reduce the look of redness.

Sourced from

Ginger root.

Category

Antioxidant, Anti-Inflammatory

Clinical Info

Found in

Brand

Product name